Documentation versions (currently viewingVaadin 24)

Router Layouts & Nested Router Targets

Explains router layouts and nested router targets.

RouterLayout Interface

All parent layouts of a navigation target component must implement the RouterLayout interface.

You can define a parent layout using the optional element layout from the @Route annotation.

Example: Render CompanyComponent inside MainLayout:

@Route(value = "company", layout = MainLayout.class)
public class CompanyComponent extends Component {
Default render location when using @Route("path")
When using the @Route("path") annotation to define a route, the component by default renders in the <body> tag on the page. This is because the element returned by HasElement.getElement() is attached to the <body> tag.

Multiple Router Target Components

Where multiple router target components use the same parent layout, the parent layout instances remain the same when the user navigates between the child components.

Multiple Parent Layouts

Use the @ParentLayout annotation to define a parent layout for components in the routing hierarchy.

You can create a parent layout for a parent layout, where necessary.

Example: MainLayout used for everything and MenuBar reused for views:

public class MainLayout extends Div
        implements RouterLayout {

public class MenuBar extends Div
        implements RouterLayout {
    public MenuBar() {
        addMenuElement(TutorialView.class, "Tutorial");
        addMenuElement(IconsView.class, "Icons");
    private void addMenuElement(
            Class<? extends Component> navigationTarget,
            String name) {
        // implementation omitted

@Route(value = "tutorial", layout = MenuBar.class)
public class TutorialView extends Div {

@Route(value = "icons", layout = MenuBar.class)
public class IconsView extends Div {
  • MainLayout encapsulates MenuBar, which in turn encapsulates TutorialView or IconsView, depending on where the user has navigated to.

ParentLayout Route Control

Annotating a parent layout with @RoutePrefix("prefix_to_add") adds a prefix to its children’s route.

Example: PathComponent receives the some prefix from its parent, resulting in some/path as its final route.

@Route(value = "path", layout = SomeParent.class)
public class PathComponent extends Div {
    // Implementation omitted

public class SomeParent extends Div
        implements RouterLayout {
    // Implementation omitted

Absolute Routes

A child component can bypass the parent’s route prefix by adding absolute = true to its own @Route or @RoutePrefix annotations.

Example: Building a MyContent class to add "something" to multiple places in the SomeParent layout, without adding the route prefix to the navigation path:

@Route(value = "content", layout = SomeParent.class,
       absolute = true)
public class MyContent extends Div {
    // Implementation omitted
  • Even though the full path would typically be some/content, the result is actually only content, because it has been defined as "absolute".

Example: Defining absolute = true in the middle of the chain.

@RoutePrefix(value = "framework", absolute = true)
public class FrameworkSite extends Div
        implements RouterLayout {
    // Implementation omitted

@Route(value = "tutorial", layout = FrameworkSite.class)
public class Tutorials extends Div {
    // Implementation omitted
  • The bound route is framework/tutorial, even though the full chain is some/framework/tutorial.

  • If a parent layout defines a @RoutePrefix, the "default" child could have its route defined as @Route("") and be mapped to the parent layout route. For example, Tutorials with route "" would be mapped as framework/.